In prisons, overcrowding, poor nutrition and lack of proper ventilation cause inmates to be much more likely to be infected with tuberculosis, a disease caused by an air-borne bacteria. Levels of TB are often dramatically higher among prison communities than the larger population, but the disease can be spread relatively easily through staff, visitors and former inmates, putting nearby communities at risk. Global Fund investments to fight TB in Nicaragua are focused on prison populations, as well as other groups which are more vulnerable to infection, such as people infected with HIV and those living in poor neighborhoods.
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Copyright: The Global Fund / John Rae.