• Monitoring and Evaluation: Overview & Requirements

    Good quality, accurate and complete data are essential for decision-making. This is as true for implementers making decisions about which interventions or programs to implement as it is for the Global Fund making decisions about funding. Data is key for making decisions, monitoring programs, formulating policy and advocating for change.

    Monitoring and evaluation systems provide that data and, as such, are the cornerstone of the response to AIDS, TB and malaria and of efforts to build sustainable health systems.

    Monitoring involves the continuous oversight of ongoing activities; evaluation is the systematic examination of the outcomes of a program against its stated objectives. The Global Fund places significant emphasis on data collection, analysis and use in the programs we support, built around these three principles:

    • Simplify reporting
    • Support data systems
    • Strengthen data use

    Put simply, the Global Fund requires a performance framework that outlines the indicators and targets the implementer wants to achieve and a monitoring and evaluation plan that outlines how they intend to collect, collate and analyze the data from programs in order to see if they are, in fact, reaching their goals.

    Investing in national monitoring and evaluation systems builds country capacity and contributes to resilient and sustainable systems for health. It also serves to evaluate the performance of the Global Fund and helps our stakeholders to hold the Global Fund accountable at the global level because data are shared publicly and serve to document progress and identify areas where the Global Fund’s investment strategy can be improved.

    Monitoring and evaluation are intrinsic to the Global Fund’s system of performance-based funding, which ensures that funding decisions are based on a transparent assessment of results against time-bound targets.

    Together, monitoring and evaluation are key management tools that provide the data needed to make decisions, manage programs, formulate policy, and advocate for change.