Funding Model

Funding Process & Steps

The Global Fund funding cycle enables countries to efficiently apply for and effectively use funds to fight HIV, TB and malaria. A series of steps and processes form the cycle and are designed to maximize impact against the three diseases. The current cycle runs from 2017 through 2019 and includes the steps and processes outlined below, among others:

Eligibility and funding

At the beginning of the funding cycle, the Global Fund allocates funding to eligible countries to support HIV, TB and malaria programs.


Whether a country or region is eligible for Global Fund support is determined by their income level and disease burden. Countries may be eligible for one or more components – HIV, TB and malaria.

See Eligibility & Transitions for more information.


An eligible country is communicated an allocation, which is the amount of funding available for programs during the three-year funding cycle. The Global Fund communicates allocations every three years and calculates allocations using a formula based on a country's disease burden and economic capacity and refined to account for important contextual factors.

See Allocations for more information.

Catalytic investments

Funding in addition to a country’s allocation may also be available. Catalytic investments are a portion of available funding set aside for Global Fund-supported programs, activities and strategic investments essential to achieve the aims of the Global Fund Strategy and partner plans, but not adequately accommodated through country allocations.

See Catalytic Investments for more information.


To increase country ownership and build the sustainability of programs, our funding model includes a requirement that countries commit to co-financing the response to the diseases. Evidence of the country’s commitment to co-financing is necessary in order to access their allocation.

See Co-Financing for more information.

Application process

Countries apply to receive funding from their allocations through a multistep process.

Country dialogue

Country dialogue is an open and inclusive conversation between different groups of people who respond to and are affected by the diseases in a particular country. Country dialogue is ongoing, beginning before the development of a funding application and continuing through implementation of the grant. It forms a basis for the country’s funding request. The Country Coordinating Mechanism is the formal body that organizes a country’s dialogue.

National strategic plan

A national strategic plan is a plan maintained by a country on how they will respond to HIV, TB or malaria. The Global Fund supports efforts by countries to develop and advance their national strategic plans. The Global Fund encourages countries to base their funding requests on their national strategic plans. If a country does not yet have a plan for a disease or if the plan is no longer current, countries can base their requests on an investment case.

Funding request

Using the relevant national strategic plan and country dialogue as the basis, a Country Coordinating Mechanism will develop a funding request – an initial plan for how the country would use the allocated funds if approved. A funding request may be for HIV, TB, malaria and/or resilient and sustainable systems for health. As such, a Country Coordinating Mechanism may submit more than one funding request. A request can be submitted during any review “window” during the cycle.

See Applying for Funding for more information.

Technical Review Panel

After an initial review by the Global Fund for completeness, a submitted funding request is then reviewed by the Technical Review Panel. The panel is an independent body that assesses the quality of the application. The panel may ask for changes, or make recommendations for grant-making or implementation.

See Technical Review Panel for more information.

Unfunded quality demand

The Register of Unfunded Quality Demand is a list of interventions (such as treatment and prevention efforts) that the Technical Review Panel has assessed as strategically focused and technically sound, but that cannot yet be fully funded because of limited resources. If additional funding becomes available, such as through a donor, the interventions on the register may be funded.

See Register of Unfunded Quality Demand for more information.


A country’s funding request is translated into one or more grants through grant-making. The Country Coordinating Mechanism and the Global Fund work with the organization nominated to implement the grant, a “Principal Recipient,” to set out how and when a grant will be implemented, financed and evaluated.

See Grant-Making for more information.


The Grant Approvals Committee is a committee of senior management at the Global Fund, as well as representatives of technical, bilateral and multilateral partners. The committee, among other functions, reviews the final grant before recommending it to the Board of the Global Fund for approval. Following Board approval, the first grant disbursement is made.