Ecuador has experienced robust economic growth in recent years. However, HIV, TB and malaria are still significant health problems in the country. HIV prevalence in Ecuador is 0.3 percent in the general population, with that number being significantly higher among key populations, including men who have sex with men, sex workers and prison inmates. Global Fund investments in the country have focused on supporting local health workers and civil society organizations to work with key and vulnerable populations. The country is ranked fourth for number of TB cases in the Americas. Global Fund-supported programs in the country aim to strengthen the national TB control program through participation of indigenous and grassroots organizations. Ecuador is on its way to malaria elimination, with a 99 percent decrease in malaria cases between 2001 and 2015.
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