Nigeria is Africa’s biggest economy and the continent’s most populous nation. Nigeria’s health infrastructure is capable of responding to acute emergencies. This became evident in 2014, when the first case of Ebola entered the country from Liberia. Nigeria used an existing surveillance system for polio to trace all people who had come in contact with the people infected with Ebola, stopping the outbreak. While the country’s HIV epidemic appears to have stabilised at about 4 percent prevalence after a quick climb in the 1990s, the country still faces other enormous health challenges, malaria being one of the biggest. Together with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria accounts for 40 percent of estimated malaria deaths globally. The country also ranks fifth among the world’s 22 high TB-burden countries. Given these challenges, Nigeria needs more investment in health both from domestic and international sources.
The Global Fund / John Rae
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