Tanzania has led a robust multi-sectorial effort to tackle AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis through prevention, care, treatment, and support services. Between 2003 and 2015, HIV prevalence fell from 7.0 to 4.7 percent. The country has had an impressive national expansion of antiretroviral therapy, which resulted in a tenfold increase in the number of people enrolled in treatment from 2005 to 2012. Over 26 million mosquito nets have been distributed across the country through Global Fund support. Over the years, Tanzania has also benefitted from Global Fund partnership support to build sustainable and resilient systems for health. The funding has supported human resource capacity building through on-the-job training and deployment of health workers to remote areas; supply chain improvement; and strengthening routine data reporting.
Yet Tanzania continues to have high HIV prevalence and infection rates. The first national TB prevalence survey in 2013 found that over 100,000 cases of TB are missed –undiagnosed, untreated or unreported – every year. The high TB burden is mainly attributed to the HIV epidemic, but factors like population growth and urban overcrowding have also contributed. More than 93 percent of Tanzanians are at risk of malaria; malaria prevalence rose from 9 percent in 2011-12 to 14 percent in 2015-16.The Global Fund / Mia Collis
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