Uganda has made great progress against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria, with a reduction in both new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths. It has also made great progress against TB, moving out of the list of 30 high burden TB countries. The country has made significant progress in reducing malaria burden: prevalence in children under 5 decreased from 42 percent in 2009 to 19 percent in 2014/15. It also achieved a sharp increase in household ownership of at least one mosquito net – from 47 percent in 2009 to 90 percent in 2014/15.
However, malaria remains a major public health problem, accounting for 30-50 percent of the outpatient cases and 9-14 percent of inpatient deaths in Uganda. Additionally, Ugandans are the fifth-largest population at risk of malaria in the world and the country accounts for 4 percent of the global burden. The country is also among the 30 countries with highest TB/HIV co-infection.
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