Funding Model

Grant Implementation

The effective implementation and monitoring of grants is at the core of our work to end HIV, TB and malaria as epidemics and forms the longest part of the funding cycle.

The Principal Recipient implements a grant, with the Country Coordinating Mechanism and Global Fund monitoring implementation on an ongoing basis. The Global Fund, in coordination with Local Fund Agents and in-country partners, assess programmatic activities through progress updates and country visits. In addition, financial activities are monitored and verified through audits.

Highlighted parts of grant implementation are outlined on this page.

A series of overarching texts and regulations guide grant implementation and implementers. They are available here for download.

Financial management

Strengthening financial management improves the ability of Global Fund implementers to achieve greater impact in their fight against HIV, TB and malaria. The Global Fund provides its implementing partners with opportunities to strengthen their work in this area by making available a number of relevant resources.

See Financial Management for more information and documents.

Oversight of Grant Investments

Effective implementation and the oversight of grants are key to deliver on targets set for the three diseases and to fight COVID-19. The Global Fund continues to strengthen how results are tracked and measured with the objective to improve performance of all grants and achieve better results in our work.

More frequent and better-quality data enables the Global Fund, implementing countries and partners to anticipate issues, unblock bottlenecks and course-correct to solve problems together.

For this purpose, the Global Fund is introducing Pulse Checks and Supply Chain and Health Services Spot Checks, two new complimentary tools that put greater emphasis on the importance of data and data quality, and increased responsibility for data ownership and accountability.

See the update on New Global Fund Tools to Oversee Grant Investments for more information.

Progress reporting

Our e-learning courses guide you through reporting programmatic and financial progress and completing the Progress Update and Disbursement Request. Register on iLearn

Ongoing monitoring and reporting are part of regular decision-making and help to determine grant performance ratings.

Each grant's performance rating and reports are available on our Data Explorer site.

Annual funding decision

An annual funding decision determines when funds, on a staggered basis and according to the grant agreement, will be disbursed to the Principal Recipient.

A schedule is set up to determine when disbursements are released. In many cases the Principal Recipient will also disburse funds to smaller organizations who serve as sub-recipients and sub-sub-recipients.

See Financial Management for more information and documents.

Grant revision

Over the course of grant implementation, some changes can be made to the grant agreement, adjusting the grant’s programmatic requirements to make sure that resources are used as effectively and efficiently as possible. This is called a grant revision.

Register of Unfunded Quality Demand

Countries are encouraged to include with their funding application to the Global Fund a request to fund priority programs that should be fully funded but cannot be because of limited resources. This “prioritized above allocation request” is reviewed by the Technical Review. Strategically focused and technically sound interventions are then registered as “unfunded quality demand.” These interventions are often funded through savings or efficiencies during grant-making, and can also be funded through additional resources that may become available during the cycle.

There is a register linked to each funding cycle. Interventions remain active on the register until the end of the corresponding “allocation utilization period” for a country component, within a funding cycle. Watch our Global Fund Cycles video to learn about this period. If an unfunded intervention from the 2017-2019 register is still a priority, countries must submit it again for the Technical Review Panel to confirm it continues to be a strategically focused and technically sound investment. Once assessed as unfunded quality demand, it can then be added to the 2020-2022 register.

The register takes the form of an Excel tool that can be searched and analyzed by region, country, component and intervention to help potential donors more easily identify areas of need. The Global Fund strongly encourages all donors to consider providing additional contributions to fund interventions on the register. See our Filling Critical Gaps page.

Grant closure

A grant that is ending triggers a close-out process following a set plan and budget. Following the last disbursement of funds, the grant is closed.